St. Julien & Vancouver Corner

Gas warfare was introduced to the Western Front on 22 April 1915 at the opening of the Second Battle of Ypres. The French Territorial troops who first experienced the roiling green clouds of chlorine panicked and fled. The Allies' front line had a breech and nearly collapsed. The 3rd Canadian Infantry Brigade, however, plugged the gap near the village of St. Julien and prevented disaster. A subsequent gas attack drove back the Canadians from St. Julien which was not recaptured until 1917.

Near the village, at a place known to the troops as Vancouver Corner, now stands the the somber and moving Canadian Forces Memorial. Nearby by cemeteries hold the remains of over 2,000 Canadians who died in this action.

Learn about gas warfare and the Second Battle of Ypres at these web sites:

Background on Gas Warfare

The Second Battle of Ypres, Apr-1915 by Dave Love

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Copyright © 2001 Joyce M. Kennedy
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